Today is Sunday, Jan. 7, the seventh day of 2018. There are 358 days left in the year.
On Jan. 7, 1789, America held its first presidential election as voters chose electors who, a month later, selected George Washington to be the nation's first chief executive.
In 1610, astronomer Galileo Galilei began observing three of Jupiter's moons (he spotted a fourth moon almost a week later).
In 1800, the 13th president of the United States, Millard Fillmore, was born in Summerhill, New York.
In 1904, the Marconi International Marine Communication Company of London announced that the telegraphed letters "CQD" would serve as a maritime distress call (it was later replaced with "SOS").
In 1927, commercial transatlantic telephone service was inaugurated between New York and London.
In 1942, Japanese forces began besieging American and Filipino troops in Bataan during World War II. (The fall of Bataan three months later was followed by the notorious Death March.)
In 1949, George C. Marshall resigned as U.S. Secretary of State; President Harry S. Truman chose Dean Acheson to succeed him.
In 1959, the United States recognized the new government of Cuba, six days after Fidel Castro led the overthrow of Fulgencio Batista.
In 1963, the U.S. Post Office raised the cost of a first-class stamp from 4 to 5 cents.
In 1979, Vietnamese forces captured the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh, overthrowing the Khmer Rouge government.
In 1989, Emperor Hirohito of Japan died in Tokyo at age 87; he was succeeded by his son, Crown Prince Akihito.
In 1999, for the second time in history, an impeached American president went on trial before the Senate. President Bill Clinton faced charges of perjury and obstruction of justice; he was acquitted.
In 2015, masked gunmen stormed the Paris offices of Charlie Hebdo, a French newspaper that had caricatured the Prophet Muhammad, methodically killing 12 people before escaping. (Two suspects were killed two days later.) Actor Rod Taylor 82, died in Los Angeles.
Birthdays: Singer Kenny Loggins is 70. Singer-songwriter Marshall Chapman is 69. Actress Erin Gray is 68. Actor David Caruso is 62. Talk show host Katie Couric is 61. Sen. Rand Paul, R-Ky., is 55. Actor Nicolas Cage is 54.
Thought for Today: "There may be Peace without Joy, and Joy without Peace, but the two combined make Happiness." -- John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir, Scottish author (1875-1940).