Today is Wednesday, Nov. 1, the 305th day of 2017. There are 60 days left in the year. This is All Saints Day.
On Nov. 1, 1512, Michelangelo's just-completed paintings on the ceiling of the Vatican's Sistine Chapel were publicly unveiled.
In 1478, the Spanish Inquisition was established, founded by Ferdinand and Isabella to maintain Catholic orthodoxy in their kingdoms.
In 1604, "Othello" was presented at Whitehall Palace in London.
In 1765, the Stamp Act, passed by the British Parliament, went into effect, prompting stiff resistance from American colonists.
In 1861, President Abraham Lincoln named Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan General-in-Chief of the Union armies, succeeding Lt. Gen. Winfield Scott.
In 1936, in a speech in Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini described the alliance between his country and Nazi Germany as an "axis" running between Rome and Berlin.
In 1949, an Eastern Airlines DC-4 collided in midair with a Lockheed P-38 fighter plane near Washington National Airport, killing all 55 people aboard the DC-4 and seriously injuring the pilot of the P-38. Among the dead were Congressman George J. Bates. At the time it was the deadliest airliner incident in U.S. history.
In 1950, two Puerto Rican nationalists tried to force their way into Blair House in Washington, D.C., in a failed attempt to assassinate President Harry S. Truman. (One of the pair was killed, along with a White House police officer.)
In 1967, the prison drama "Cool Hand Luke," starring Paul Newman, was released by Warner Bros.-Seven Arts.
In 1979, former first lady Mamie Eisenhower died in Washington, D.C., at age 82.
In 1991, Clarence Thomas took his place as the newest justice on the Supreme Court.
In 2007, retired U.S. Air Force Brig. Gen. Paul Tibbets, who piloted the B-29 bomber Enola Gay that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, died in Columbus, Ohio, at age 92.
Birthdays: Golfer Gary Player is 82. Country singer Bill Anderson is 80. Actress Barbara Bosson is 78. Musician Ronald Khalis Bell (Kool and the Gang) is 66. Lyle Lovett is 60. Apple CEO Tim Cook is 57. Singer Sophie B. Hawkins is 53. Jenny McCarthy is 45.
Thought for Today: “Sometimes nothin' can be a real cool hand.” -- Lucas “Luke” Jackson, Paul Newman’s character in the movie “Cool Hand Luke.”