Today is Saturday, Oct. 14, the 287th day of 2017. There are 78 days left in the year.
On Oct. 14, 1947, U.S. Air Force Capt. Charles E. ("Chuck") Yeager became the first test pilot to break the sound barrier as he flew the experimental Bell XS-1 (later X-1) rocket plane over Muroc Dry Lake in California.
In 1066, Normans under William the Conqueror defeated the English at the Battle of Hastings.
In 1890, Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th president of the United States, was born in Denison, Texas.
In 1912, former President Theodore Roosevelt, campaigning for the White House as the Progressive ("Bull Moose") candidate, went ahead with a speech in Milwaukee after being shot and wounded in the chest by New York saloonkeeper John Schrank, declaring, "It takes more than one bullet to kill a bull moose."
In 1926, "Winnie-the-Pooh" by A.A. Milne was first published by Methuen & Co. of London.
In 1939, a German U-boat torpedoed and sank the HMS Royal Oak, a British battleship anchored at Scapa Flow in Scotland's Orkney Islands; 833 of the more than 1,200 men aboard were killed.
In 1944, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel committed suicide rather than face trial and certain execution for allegedly conspiring against Adolf Hitler.
In 1960, Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy suggested the idea of a Peace Corps while addressing an audience of students at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.
In 1964, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize. Soviet leader Nikita S. Khrushchev was toppled from power; he was succeeded by Leonid Brezhnev as First Secretary and by Alexei Kosygin as Premier.
In 1977, singer Bing Crosby died at age 74.
In 1987, a 58-hour drama began in Midland, Texas, as 18-month-old Jessica McClure slid 22 feet down a narrow abandoned well at a private day care center; she was rescued on Oct. 16.
Birthdays: Former White House counsel John Dean is 79. Country singer Melba Montgomery is 80. Ralph Lauren is 78. Singer-musician Justin Hayward (The Moody Blues) is 71. Actor Harry Anderson is 65. Golf Hall of Famer Beth Daniel is 61. Singer-musician Thomas Dolby is 59. MLB manager Joe Girardi is 53. Singer Natalie Maines (The Dixie Chicks) is 43. Singer Usher is 39.
Thought for Today: "To think is to speak low. To speak is to think aloud." -- F. Max Mueller, German philologist (1823-1900).