Today is Friday, Oct. 13, the 286th day of 2017. There are 79 days left in the year.
On Oct. 13, 1792, the cornerstone of the executive mansion, later known as the White House, was laid by President George Washington during a ceremony in the District of Columbia.
In A.D. 54, Roman Emperor Claudius I died, poisoned apparently at the behest of his wife, Agrippina.
In 1307, King Philip IV of France ordered the arrests of Knights Templar on charges of heresy.
In 1775, the United States Navy had its origins as the Continental Congress ordered the construction of a naval fleet.
In 1843, the Jewish organization B'nai B'rith was founded in New York City.
In 1932, President Herbert Hoover and Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes laid the cornerstone for the U.S. Supreme Court building in Washington.
In 1944, during World War II, American troops entered Aachen, Germany.
In 1957, CBS-TV broadcast "The Edsel Show," a one-hour live special starring Bing Crosby designed to promote the new, ill-fated Ford automobile. (It was the first special to use new videotape technology to delay the broadcast to the West Coast.)
In 1962, Edward Albee's four-character drama "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" opened on Broadway.
In 1972, a Uruguayan chartered flight carrying 45 people crashed in the Andes; survivors resorted to feeding off the remains of some of the dead in order to stay alive until they were rescued more than two months later.
In 1981, voters in Egypt participated in a referendum to elect Vice President Hosni Mubarak the new president, one week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.
In 1999, the Senate rejected the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, with 48 senators voting in favor and 51 against, far short of the 67 needed for ratification. In Boulder, Colorado, the JonBenet Ramsey grand jury was dismissed after 13 months of work with prosecutors saying there wasn't enough evidence to charge anyone in the 6-year-old beauty queen's 1996 slaying.
In 2010, rescuers in Chile using a missile-like escape capsule pulled 33 men one by one to fresh air and freedom 69 days after they were trapped in a collapsed mine a half-mile underground.
Birthdays: Gospel singer Shirley Caesar is 80. Singer Paul Simon is 76. Musician Robert Lamm (Chicago) is 73. Country singer Lacy J. Dalton is 71. Actor Demond Wilson is 71. Singer-musician Sammy Hagar is 70. Pop singer John Ford Coley is 69. Producer-writer Chris Carter is 61. Marie Osmond is 58. Former White House press secretary Ari Fleischer is 57. NBA coach Doc Rivers is 56. College and Pro Football Hall of Famer Jerry Rice is 55. Actress Kelly Preston is 55. Country singer John Wiggins is 55. Actor Christopher Judge is 53. Actor Matt Walsh is 53. Actress Kate Walsh is 50. Figure skater Nancy Kerrigan is 48. Country singer Rhett Akins is 48. Actor Sacha Baron Cohen is 46.
Thought for Today: "Nobody holds a good opinion of a man who has a low opinion of himself." -- Anthony Trollope, English author (1815-1882).